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2019年施政報告摘要:

2019年香港行政長官發表的施政報告,涵蓋12個範疇,包括房屋政策、土地供應、創新及科技、航運及物流、貿易及投資、電訊與廣播、醫療衞生、勞工及福利、交通運輸、環境及自然保護、城市管理、培育人才。下列為2019年施政報告摘要

 

房屋及土地供應

房屋政策

  • 預留50億元,大幅增加過渡性房屋項目,未來三年合共提供10 000個單位
  • 邀請關愛基金於下個財政年度先後發放兩次為非公屋、非綜合社會保障援助(綜援)的低收入住戶(包括輪候公屋人士)提供的「一次過生活津貼」,並於2020年年底前完成推出恆常現金津貼計劃的研究
  • 增加領取綜援家庭的租金津貼最高金額
  • 邀請香港房屋委員會(房委會)研究重建旗下的工廠大廈為公營房屋
  • 建議房委會積極部署,加快出售現時「租者置其屋計劃」屋邨中約42 000個未售出單位
  • 明年預售約12 000個居屋和「綠置居」單位
  • 建議房委會在2020年進一步增加「白居二」配額
  • 在安達臣道用地推出第二個「港人首次置業」先導項目,由私人發展商提供約1 000個「首置」單位
  • 賦予市區重建局(市建局)新任務,參考馬頭圍道首個「首置」項目的經驗,在其市區重建項目中提供更多「首置」或其他類別的資助出售房屋單位
  • 市建局計劃在明年年初公布啟動重建公務員建屋合作社樓宇試點計劃
  • 放寬由香港按證保險有限公司為首次置業人士提供九成按揭保險的樓價上限,由400萬元提升至800萬元
  • 提供3 300個青年宿舍宿位,並放寬現行要求,容許租戶遞交或保留其個人公屋申請,在配額及計分制下繼續累積分數

 

土地供應

  • 加快規劃,然後運用《收回土地條例》收回三類私人土地,發展公營房屋及「首置」﹕
  • 可能具發展潛力由私人擁有的新界棕地;
  • 於各區法定分區計劃大綱圖上已規劃作高密度房屋發展,但仍未有發展計劃的私人土地;及
  • 位於市區的茶果嶺村、牛池灣村和竹園聯合村寮屋區的私人土地
  • 公布「土地共享先導計劃」擬議框架,以期在2020年年初起接受申請
  • 搭建平台讓專業人士和青年人可參與構建「明日大嶼願景」下的交椅洲人工島,以及探討如何把人工島上的建屋計劃與香港市民的住房訴求連繫起來
  • 重新規劃屯門西的沿海發展,包括考慮能否將包括內河碼頭的沿海地區作住宅發展
  • 檢視超過300幅預留作單一公共設施的「政府、機構或社區」用地以「一地多用」模式發展,並協助非政府機構善用它們持有的土地

 

多元經濟

創新及科技

  • 擴大「科技人才入境計劃」的適用範圍至科技園公司及數碼港園區以外的公司,以及涵蓋新的科技範疇
  • 將「研究員計劃」、「博士專才庫」及「公營機構試用計劃」的資助範圍擴大至所有進行研發活動的科技公司
  • 向社會創新及創業發展基金注資5億元,進一步推動社會創新

 

航運及物流

  • 向船舶出租商及租賃管理商提供稅務優惠,以發展船舶租賃業務;並計劃推行稅務優惠,鼓勵更多海運業業務委託人落戶香港

 

貿易及投資

  • 向發展品牌、升級轉型及拓展內銷市場的專項基金注資10億元,並大幅提高其內地計劃和自貿協定計劃下每家企業的資助上限至200萬元
  • 向市場推廣及工商機構支援基金注資10億元,把中小企業市場推廣基金下每家企業的累計資助上限倍增至80萬元
  • 在「中小企融資擔保計劃」下,由政府為核准貸款提供九成信貸擔保
  • 延長「中小企融資擔保計劃」下「特別優惠措施」的申請期,以及三項優化措施的有效期至2022年6月30日
  • 在「中小企融資擔保計劃」和「中小企業信貸保證計劃」下推出紓緩措施,讓企業可申請在六個月內先還息,暫時無需還本

 

電訊與廣播

  • 推行關愛基金項目,協助有需要的住戶購置數碼電視機或機頂盒

 

改善民生

醫療衞生

  • 繼在葵青區開辦首間地區康健中心後,爭取在另外六區設立康健中心,並在其餘11區設立「地區康健站」
  • 以先導形式將「學校外展疫苗接種計劃」擴展至幼稚園和幼兒中心,及為懷孕婦女接種無細胞型百日咳疫苗
  • 於中醫教研中心提供超過60萬資助中醫門診、推拿和針灸服務配額,並同時減低中西醫協作住院服務的額外費用至每天120元
  • 逐步推出針對性措施,加強對不常見疾病患者的支援

 

勞工及福利

  • 以試點方式,向參加勞工處就業計劃的人士發放留任津貼,鼓勵接受及完成在職培訓
  • 為建造業工傷僱員推出一個為期三年的先導計劃,讓他們接受私營治療及復康服務
  • 優化課餘託管服務,包括增加2 500個豁免全費名額、放寬申請資格、提高資助額及簡化經濟審查程序等
  • 向社區投資共享基金注資5億元,以持續支持社會資本發展計劃,在社區建構互助網絡
  • 將學習津貼恆常化,每位中學日校、小學和幼稚園學生每年會獲得2,500元津貼
  • 全面調高在職家庭津貼金額,增加住戶津貼7%至25%,並把兒童津貼大幅增加40%
  • 改善綜援計劃以鼓勵就業,包括將每月最高豁免計算入息限額增加60%至4,000元、加強就業支援、將多項補助金和特別津貼擴展至非長者健全受助人,以及增加租金津貼
  • 增加「長者社區照顧服務券試驗計劃」服務券至總數8 000張
  • 在「綜合家居照顧服務(體弱個案)」下增加3 000個服務名額
  • 於2020/21至2022/23三個學年每年增加1 000個到校學前康復服務名額,提供共10 000名額,達致零輪候時間
  • 於2019-20至2021-22年度共新增約1 200多個特殊幼兒中心及早期教育及訓練中心的服務名額
  • 於2019-20至2021-22年度共新增約3 800多個日間康復服務及住宿康復服務名額

 

宜居城市

交通運輸

  • 展開東涌線延線、屯門南延線及北環線的詳細規劃和設計,冀早日動工
  • 為14條離島渡輪航線提供補貼,減輕加價壓力,並資助其中11條渡輪航線更新船隊及使用更環保船隻
  • 將公共交通費用補貼計劃的補貼比率由現時超出400元的每月公共交通開支的四分之一提升至三分之一,並將每月補貼金額的上限由300元提高至400元
  • 在屯門至赤鱲角連接路海底隧道以及將軍澳—藍田隧道啟用後,豁免青嶼幹線、將軍澳隧道和兩條新隧道的收費

 

環境及自然保護

  • 籌備20億元先導資助計劃,推動在現有私人住宅樓宇停車場安裝電動車充電基礎設施
  • 投放3億元延續「清潔伙伴計劃」至2025年3月,鼓勵廠商改善區域環境質素
  • 城市管理
  • 向「樓宇更新大行動0」額外撥款30億元,協助更多有需要的業主檢驗及修葺其樓宇
  • 額外撥款20億元,優化現有的「長者維修自住物業津貼計劃」,把計劃擴大至有需要的非長者自住業主、提高津貼上限,以及放寬資產限額上限
  • 向「優化升降機資助計劃」額外撥款20億元以擴大資助升降機數目至8 000部
  • 向「消防安全改善工程資助計劃」額外撥款35億元,資助更多舊式商住樓宇業主,提升消防安全

 

培育人才

  • 已預留10億元為600多所資助學校進行小型內部改裝
  • 為修讀可配合香港發展需要的指定研究院修課課程的本地學生提供獎學金
  • 推出「自資專上教育提升及啟動補助金計劃」,支援自資院校開辦切合市場需要的特定副學位或學士學位課程
  • 分階段協助公營普通中小學推行採用三層支援模式,加強支援有自閉症的學生,約10 000名學生可受惠

 

 

營商資訊文章:

香港專利申請要點解析

隨著企業業務的不斷發展和擴充,現今台灣和國內不少企業想要將自己的業務擴展到香港市場上。那麼想要進軍香港市場的話肯定是需要申請註冊香港專利的,很多對香港專利註冊不清楚的申請人就容易走彎路,那麼接下來我們就來看看香港專利申請的一些要點。

 

香港專利有標準專利(相當於大陸的發明專利)、短期專利(相當於大陸的實用新型專利)和外觀專利這三種,下面我們就分別來看看:

 

香港外觀專利

需要提供的資訊有申請的外觀設計名稱、發明人的姓名、地址、國籍以及申請人姓名或名稱、地址、國籍等,也需要提交一份委託申請書,且必須是由申請人簽字的原件。其他需要提供的材料還有產品的外觀設計照片,同時建議大家申請色彩保護的專利,也需要提交彩色和黑白圖片。之後就是簽署委託代理合同和申請權屬聲明了,香港外觀專利保護的期限為5年,最多可以續展4次且每次也是5年。

 

香港短期專利

短期專利只進行形式審查而不作檢索和實質性的審查,這種申請需要提交奧地利、澳大利亞、中國等國家中其一的專利局的申請報告。短期專利申請需要的材料有產品的說明書、權利要求樹以及摘要等,以及制定國家專利局出具的檢索報告,有優先權的也要申請提交優先證明文件。短期專利申請不會依賴于中國的發明或者是申請,因此一項發明或者是創作只要是在香港得到了專利保護,不需要再向中國專利局提出同樣的申請了。

 

香港標準專利

需要的資料有指定專利局的公開文本,包括PCT申請公開文本,以及中英文摘要和發明的中英文名稱。申請人應該向指定專利局提出申請,在該專利被專利局公佈的6個月內像香港知識產權局申請備案。註冊處經過審查之後授予註冊以及公佈,標準專利的保護期限一般是二十年。

 

資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所

 

Who To Hire: A Local Or A National Attorney When Filing For A U.S. Patent Application?

While the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) doesn’t actually recommend hiring a patent lawyer when filing for a patent application, experienced inventors highly recommend it for newbie inventors. The reason: The patent application and maintenance process including settlements and litigations can be complicated so much so that a non-lawyer can find it overwhelming. Even a single mistake can mean financial loss for the inventor, such as when other steal and profit from his inventions.

 

The next question: Who should you hire – a local lawyer or a national lawyer?

 

Advantages of a Local Lawyer

 

If you’re more comfortable working with a local lawyer, then hiring one makes sense. You may have established a good professional relationship with him, researched his background and track record, and relied on a mutual friend’s recommendation, among others. You may just like the convenience of meeting with your lawyer at a moment’s notice, so to speak, to present your prototype or process.

 

During these meetings, you can actually demonstrate your invention and show its novelty, utility and non-obviousness. You appreciate the proximity of your lawyer’s office in setting up appointments.

 

Advantages of a National Lawyer

 

But you may want to look farther than your neighborhood for many reasons. First and foremost, the patent law of the United States has a national (i.e., federal) scope so it’s neither governed nor regulated at the state and county levels. By its nature, patents are valid in the entire country although their validity will only be recognized in the United States, not beyond its borders, as a general rule.

 

The bottom line: The patent protection you’re seeking will have a national scope and, as such, hiring a local attorney particularly a member of the state bar isn’t as relevant as you may think it is.

 

There’s also the fact that patent attorneys should be registered with the USPTO for them to be recognized as authorized counsels of the inventors they represent. Furthermore, they are authorized to represent their clients in any place in the world.

 

This means that where the USPTO is concerned, you and your lawyer don’t even have to meet in person at any time during the patent application process. With technologies like emails, video calls, and messaging, you and your attorney can discuss issues, provide updates, and make decisions without meeting face-to-face.

 

In fact, foreign nationals can file U.S. patent applications through their U.S. attorneys without the need for face-to-face meetings! Every information can be transmitted and received through electronic means, not to mention that patent applications can be made online.

 

Your attorney’s location isn’t an issue with patent applications. The pertinent documents including the description, drawings and diagrams can be emailed in the required format. The reply from the USPTO can also be done in the same manner.

 

Instead of worrying about the proximity of the attorney to your home or office, you should concentrate on the appropriate qualifications.

 

資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所

 

What To Expect During A Patent Infringement Lawsuit

Patent infringements are a common occurrence, especially in a world where new products are designed, manufactured, and sold worldwide and where copycats are a dime a dozen. Many of these infringements become lawsuits or litigations that affect both the complainant and the defendant. The effects can be surprising, too, such as when the complainant ends up shouldering huge litigation expenses that could have been avoided if an amicable settlement was made. Here take a look on the U.S. patent infringement lawsuit for ease of understanding.

 

The bottom line: Be careful about filing a patent infringement lawsuit because it can have unforeseen consequences. But if you have a great patent lawyer and you have just cause, then you may well benefit from filing it. Here are a few things that you may want to know.

 

Specific Venue

 

All patent infringement actions have to be filed in the United States District Courts, the general courts of the country’s federal court system. The venue makes sense because patents are considered national in scope and, thus, their litigations should be heard in a national (i.e., federal) court.

 

Since there’s at least one judicial district for every state, as well as in the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands, the issue of geographical location shouldn’t be a big deal. Currently, there are 94 judicial districts in 50 states and the territories.

 

Prescription Period

 

The patent infringement action should be filed within six years, maximum, after the date in which the infringement occurred in order to recover damages. Unlike other statutes of limitations, furthermore, the six-year period can be extended when the parties agree to it. For example, a tolling agreement can be in effect while the settlement negotiations are in progress.

 

But the six-year prescription period cannot be extended by reason of concealment or fraud. For example, if you discover that your invention was incorporated in a machinery 10 years after the fact, you’re unlikely to sue for damages if the infringer covered up the use. We have to say that the rules and regulations of patent infringements don’t automatically favor the patent owner or holder.

 

Judge’s Decision

 

While patent infringement lawsuits can be under a jury, the judge alone has the responsibility to interpret the claims for patent ownership made by the plaintiff and the counterclaims of the defendant. The judge and/or jury examines the patent and makes comparisons of the elements made in the lawsuit, said comparison being between the patent’s design and the infringer’s product or process.

 

From the comparisons made, the judge or jury then decides on the merit of the plaintiff’s claims actually and significantly cover the defendant’s product or process. In case of a read on, the legal term used to describe the plaintiff’s claim covering the product or process, then an infringement offense can be considered.

 

資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所

 

香港專利怎麼申請?


資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所
 
眾所周知香港是中國的一部分,但同時她又有自己的一套法律體系,這就導致香港的專利制度有別於中國。香港專利又分為標準專利和短期專利兩種,接下來我們就來詳細地瞭解一下:

 

香港標準專利的有效期最長可以達二十年,想要得到標準專利的保障,就需要專利申請人在中國、英國或者歐洲專利局所發表的專利申請日期的六個月內,向香港專利註冊處提出申請即可。

 

申請標準專利的批准是需要以中華人民共和國國家知識產權局、歐洲專利局和聯合國專利局,這三個專利局批予的專利註冊為基礎的。申請香港標準專利一般要經過兩個階段,一是提交指定專利申請的記錄請求,也就是在以上三個專利局發表的專利申請;二是已經獲得三個專利局的批准之後,就需要在香港提交註冊與批予請求。

 

香港短期專利主要就是為商業壽命短促的發明提供的保障,短期專利的有效期最長可以達8年,並且其申請是必須要通過形式上的審查,這樣才能獲得批予專利。

 

申請香港短期專利需要以其中一個國際查檢主管當局,或者是其中一個指定專利當局所製備的查檢報告為基礎。比如擬在中國香港申請的短期專利,就需要提交批予申請,並且也要提交所需的檔和資料來做支援。

 

香港專利申請需要提交的檔:

  • 記錄請求、已發表的指定專利申請副本、發明的中/英文名稱、申請人的姓名/地址、在中國香港提供送達文件的地址以及有關的資料和檔和譯本等等。
  • 香港專利申請可以選擇專業的專利申請機構,因為畢竟申請專利是很專業的,找專業的機構進行申請會更加順暢。

 

資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所

 

A More Comprehensive Look At The Definition Patent Infringement

In the United States, patents grant their owners the exclusive manufacture, use and sale, among other ownership rights, of the inventions. These are considered as grants of limited monopoly granted to inventors by the federal government, specifically by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). But in a world filled with copycats, patents aren’t always respected by the non-holders, an action that can result in patent infringement.

 

Prohibited Acts

 

Did you know that patent rights are older than freedom of speech and freedom of the press? Patent rights are actually included in the U.S. Constitution, which was adopted in 1787, under Article I, Section 8! Many of the basic American rights were only established in the Bill of Rights in 1791 or 14 years later.

 

Through the years, the implementing rules and regulations of patent rights changed in accordance with the times. In the 21st century, these are governed by 35 United States Code, a federal law.

 

Why are these things important for an inventor to know? If you read the code in its entirety – or at least, gain a basic understanding of its provisions – you will have a deeper understanding of patent infringement.

 

In a nutshell, patent infringement is the commission of a prohibited act regarding a patented invention without the current patent holder’s or owner’s permission. Keep in mind that patents are property and, thus, these can be bought and sold – the current patent owner must be aggrieved by the commission of the prohibited act. The act can take the forms of making, using, selling or offering to sell, and importing the invention or its equivalent.

 

Emphasis must also be made that no patent infringement action can be started without a valid patent issued. But inventors can secure pre-grant protection under 35 U.S.C. § 154(d) or file a provisional patent application (PPA).

 

Wilful and Unintentional Infringement

 

Wilful patent infringement refers to the deliberate commission of the prohibited act on the part of the offender. Unintentional patent infringement isn’t an excuse for committing it, an adjunct to the principle that ignorance of the law doesn’t excuse the offender.

 

The former typically involves the offender ignoring the fact that a patent for the product or process already exists and going ahead with its manufacture, use or sales. Many copycats are guilty of this type of patent infringement.

 

The latter can arise from the cliché that great minds think alike. In many cases, two inventors create essentially the same invention even when they work independently (i.e., the other has no knowledge about the other’s work). In these cases, the general rule is that the inventor who applies for a patent and who has sufficient proof that he was the first to make the invention will be awarded patent rights.

 

Do you have issues about patent infringement? You should consult a patent attorney for legal advice ASAP!

 

It is also vital to submit your patent application ASAP. As the patent application is quite professional, we suggest hiring an experienced patent attorney for individuals and organizations.

 

資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所

 

Starting On The Right Foot With Your Design Patent Application

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has strict requirements regarding patent applications for good reasons. Patents, after all, grant their inventors and/or owners the exclusive right to make, use and sell the products and/or processes covered. The USPTO are then extremely careful in granting patents and, in the process, can reject applications based on the smallest detail.

 

The bottom line: You have to start on the right foot when preparing your design patent application. You should ideally hire an experienced patent lawyer for this purpose. You must, however, still be on top of things, so to speak, by learning the basics including the ones discussed below.

 

Submitting the Right Documents

 

The USPTO provides two options for filing design patents: first, via paper application; and second, through its website (online). If you’re filing via the first option, you have to send the application documents by Express Mail. If you’re using the second option, you must convert these documents including the application and drawings to PDF format; there are electronic forms available on the USPTO website.

 

In both cases, you have to submit certain documents including:

  • The specification, a short written document
  • The drawings showing the design’s appearance, usually from several angles
  • The Declaration, the designer’s oath
  • The Design Patent Application Transmittal, a cover sheet
  • The Fee Application Transmittal Form, and
  • The payment for the filing fee (e.g., cashier’s check)

 

Be sure to read and understand every line of these documents as a precautionary measure. You don’t want your patent application returned or rejected due to a clerical error, among other possible mistakes. You also want to increase the chances of your request patent being granted, not to mention that the USPTO generally doesn’t give refunds even for rejected applications.

 

Getting the Entries Right

 

Due to the complexity of the documents, especially the drawings, you should seriously consider hiring experts including a patent lawyer and a graphic designer. You will still retain ownership over the patent once it’s granted obviously.

 

For the specifications document, here are a few things to get you started:

  • Write a couple of boilerplate sentences announcing your intention for a design patent in the preamble.
  • Make the specification, the section where you make an introduction of your design by name, as simple as possible.
  • Indicate previous patent applications related to your current application in the Cross References to Related Applications.

 

You can be descriptive with your invention description in the Feature Description field but avoid using flowery words, exaggerations and the like.

 

For the drawings, keep in mind that the USPTO prefers technical and stylized drawings of inventions. Every element, from stippling and linear shading to using colors and patterns, has a specific meaning so be careful about submitting haphazard drawings. While you can initially submit informal drawings, you will still be required to provide formal drawings by the USPTO examiner before your application can be acted on.

 

As the patent application is quite professional, we suggest hiring an experienced patent attorney for individuals and organizations.

 

資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所

 

Extreme Caution: A Must When Dealing With Solicitations After U.S. Trademark Application

After filing an initial application for trademark registration, it can be problematic, too. The problem can start with a response to one or more of the solicitations from private companies, a problem that can be prevented if and when you exercise extreme caution when dealing with these offers.

 

Here are the things that you should be aware of about trademark-related solicitations.

 

Cold Calling Is the Norm

 

Solicitation come in two forms: first, an offer of service for trademark initial application; and second, a notice of an approaching trademark filing deadline accompanied by an offer of service. In both cases, there’s usually a fee for the performance of these services.

 

Your next question is: Why did you get these solicitations from private companies? Keep in mind that when you file a mark application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), the information on the application form will become part of the public database. As such, the general public can access your information including your full name and street address.

 

The private companies sending these solicitations use the USPTO database to identify the individuals and organizations that have filed applications and have upcoming filing deadlines. But always remember that you are never required by the USPTO and other regulatory agencies to use their services in any manner and form.

 

Beware of the Legitimacy of the Services

 

Let’s say that you consider the solicitation because it appears legitimate. But don’t plunge with both feet, however, as not all of the services offered are legal and legitimate. You have to exercise extreme caution in considering the types of services offered, especially if these seem too good to be true.

 

For example, offers for assistance in making an appropriate response to an office action (i.e., a letter from the USPTO detailing the substantive reasons for its refusal to register your mark). But if it’s an offer to record your trademarks in a non-public registry, you should ignore the solicitation – a private registry of trademarks isn’t recognized under present trademark laws in the United States.

 

Fortunately, you can easily tell the difference between official USPTO notices and potentially misleading offers. For one thing, the official correspondence regarding your initial application or maintenance of registration will be addressed as from the United States Patent and Trademark Office from its national headquarters in Alexandria, Virginia. All e-mails will have “@uspto.gov” as the domain name; if it isn’t, your alarm bells should be ringing.

 

For another thing, the notice from dubious private companies offering trademark registration services can have threatening words to emphasize the urgency of an upcoming deadline. Don’t believe the deadlines stated on these notices – instead, use the Trademark Status and Document Retrieval feature on the USPTO database to check the deadlines.

 

Ultimately, you have the responsibility to protect yourself against scams, especially as the USPTO doesn’t have the legal authority to prevent private entities from sending unsolicited offers and notices.

 

As the trademark application is quite professional, we suggest hiring an experienced trademark attorney for individuals and organizations.

 

資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所

 

美國專利怎麼申請?

專利說白了就是一張紙,而這張紙是政府授權給發明人的一個壟斷權利。申請專利的條件必須是發明人本人申請,不是本人發明的就無法進行專利申請。現在國家和社會都比較注重視專利保護了,也有不少人會選擇申請美國專利,那麼下面我們就來看看美國專利是怎麼申請的。

 

一般來說,美國專利有三種不同的類型:發明專利、外觀專利和植物發明專利,而沒有中國的實用新型專利。而美國的商標局包辦專利和商標註冊工作。

 

那麼,什麼是植物發明專利? 它是政府對無性繁殖的顯著且新穎的植物品種給予的專利保護權利,但塊莖繁殖植物或者發現於未經栽培環境下(如野外)的植物不在此列。植物發明專利自申請日起計二十年,分別自註冊日起第三年半、七年半及十一年半繳納維持費。

 

美國發明專利自申請日起計二十年,分別自註冊日起第三年半、七年半及十一年半繳納維持費,保護範圍涉及組合物或者使用該組合物的方法的專利,其有效期可以延長,最多可以延長五年。

 

美國外觀設計專利則自註冊日起計十四年,公開後於半年內仍可提出專利申請。

 

向美國申請專利有三種途徑,一是直接向美國申請專利,二是通過巴黎公約向美國申請專利;三則是通過PCT專利合作條約向美國申請專利。

 

在申請專利的時候首先就是要提交一份國際專利申請,那麼就可以向多個國家申請專利了,申請美國專利的同時也可以申請其他國家的專利,並且不需要向每個國家提交申請,一份申請就可以搞定了。

 

然後就是美國專利申請提出普通專利申請的時候,申請人必須要在首次提交專利申請日後的12個月內,辦理國際專利申請以進入美國專利申請的手續。若是要求了國際初步審查的話,還可以在首次提交申請日後的30個月內,來辦理國際申請專利以進入美國的專利申請。

 

美國專利申請是要經過國際檢索單位的國際檢索的,之後可以得到一份高品質的國際檢索報告,該報告給出一篇或者是多篇,就可以讓專利申請人瞭解現有的技術狀況,那麼也可以對自己的發明是否具備授予專利的前景也能有個初步判斷。之後只需要向美國專利受理局繳納申請費用就可以,在申請美國專利的同時也可以申請其他國家,總之就是一起申請會更加方便。

 

資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所

 

Should You Abandon Your Trademark Application?

The short answer: It depends on whether the abandonment will work for you or against you. Since even your decision to abandon your trademark application has its legal and practical implications, you should seriously considering hiring an experienced trademark attorney.

 

With or without an attorney, here are a few things that you must consider when deciding whether to abandon or not your application.

 

Consider the Grounds for Rejection

The action letter, or the rejection letter issued by the USPTO after the examining attorney’s initial examination of you application has been completed, contains the valid grounds for rejection. These grounds can range from technical grounds (e.g., procedural mistake) to substantive grounds (e.g. likelihood of confusion), and each ground should be answered satisfactorily by the patent applicant for the application process to proceed.

 

From the careful consideration of the grounds stated in the action letter, you can make a decision of abandonment or continuance. You may, for example, abandon the application in case of a rejection based on descriptiveness – if your mark is descriptive according to the standards set by the USPTO, then getting it registered doesn’t give you extra protection in case of an infringement. You can’t sue everybody who uses the descriptive words used in your mark since these are generic by nature.

 

If the rejection was based on the likelihood of confusion, you have to consider whether the costs in time, energy and money will be worth the benefits in name recognition and recall. You must consider, too, the possibility of a trademark infringement lawsuit if you continue using the mark.

 

Let’s say that you decide to abandon your application. You should ideally make an express statement of abandonment by filing a Request for Express Abandonment (Withdrawal) of Application through the Trademark Electronic Application System (TEAS), an online system at the USPTO official website.

 

Beware the Consequences of Abandonment

Lest you think that abandonment of your trademark application is easy – look, Ma, no consequences – it isn’t. Keep in mind that there are several ways of abandoning your mark and with these ways come consequences that you should be prepared to deal with.

 

Let’s assume that for one reason or another, you stopped using the mark for a prolonged period or you failed to maintain quality control over its use. Under the trademark laws, you are considered as having abandoned the trademark and, thus, you will lose the exclusive right to its use.

 

What can you do if the USPTO sends an action letter expressing final rejection of your mark as non-registrable? You can appeal to the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board in case the reason for rejection was substantive; file a petition to the director if the reason for rejection was technical or procedural; request the examining attorney to make another examination; or amend the application and seek for registration on the Supplemental Register in case of a descriptive mark-based rejection.

 

And, of course, you can abandon the application and give up the exclusive right to your mark.

 

資料來源: CtR智群知識產權事務所

 

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